Confession: I'm kind of a simpleton when it comes to plumbing. Only in
recent years has it occurred to me to ask questions like, where does toilet
water go when I flush? And how is it suddenly replaced with clean water? And
sinks, and washing machines, and showers for that matter- what happens to all
my own waste water?
Is it magic?
Since that first realization of my ignorance regarding all things waste water, I've tried my best to learn a little more about plumbing. At times, it can be hard to remember how wasteful flush toilets
and long showers are.
Enter off-grid water recycling systems! Designing a Tumbleweed that doesn't require regular hook-ups is a great opportunity
to get to know your personal water usage. Here's a bit about how you can use greywater to minimize waste and take advantage of a great resource.
What is greywater?
Greywater refers to waste water that is relatively harmless
and can thus be reused for a variety of purposes. It gets the name "grey" for being somewhere between fresh water and sewage water.
Usually, the term encompasses
dishwater, laundry water and shower water. However, it is important that you
don't put ANYTHING remotely toxic in your sink, shower or laundry machine if
you're planning on reusing the water. It's pretty easy to avoid-just make sure
you're using biodegradable soaps, laundry detergents, etc.
I got some great biodegradable soaps for Christmas, and am excited to eventually
set up my own grey water irrigation system!
How is it reused?
Greywater is typically used for irrigation- most people
direct their grey water into gardens or mulch pits. Grey water can also be
recycled inside. Water from showers and dishes can be used in toilets, house
plants, and greenhouses.
Greywater reuse in a garden (Source)
You can get pretty creative- there's no one way to use greywater!
Remember, of course that greywater is never safe to drink. Filtration processes can render it safe to use for toilet water and washing water.
What's the difference
between greywater and blackwater?
Blackwater contains human waste, and cannot safely be used- generally, this refers to the water flushed in toilets. It contains pathogens that must decompose before they can be safely released into the environment. One way to avoid dealing with blackwater? Composting toilets!
Do you have a unique way of reusing greywater? Tell us about it!
This spring, Hampshire College Professor Gabriel Arboleda taught an unusual class: Reinventing the Toilet (course description). Addressing the fact that a single flush toilet can contaminate thousands of gallons in just one year of operation, he and his students will attempt to build alternative workable toilet models.
An important class? I think so. Many Tiny House folks would agree, having found that the mobile lifestyle necessitates flexibility when it comes to things like electricity and plumbing. Of course, there's an easy solution already at play, and it's something we don't think twice about doing with cows: composting.
I recently tried my first official composting toilet, and loved it. Our friends Pepper and Dylan built this awesome composting outhouse on their property in Healdsburg, CA, and were kind enough to let me, ahem, try it out.
Who knew an outhouse could be so beautiful?
In addition to the requisite crescent cut out, the outhouse has a light, a nice big bucket of a cedar chips, and a magazine rack!
A pleasure to use
Plenty of open-minded people like Pepper and Dylan are pushing the envelope with practical, conscientious ways to dispose of waste: while we wait for Arboleda and his crew to envision the next big alternative, we can manage pretty comfortably. While making a separate outhouse is a viable option, the bucket and cedar chips method can easily be applied in any tiny house.
In addition to the composting toilet, there's the incinerating toilet. Incinerating toilets are a bit more high-tech than a bucket and some cedar chips (though there are plenty of more advanced composting toilets available). Essentially, they incinerate your waste, converting it to a clean, non-polluting ash. An incinerating toilet can be powered a regular outlet, by gas, propane, or of course, solar panels. However, it uses more electricity than a composting toilet, and doesn't provide rich and useful fertilizer!
No matter your preferred commode, there's a reason colleges like Hampshire are highlighting the urgency of reinventing something most of us take for granted. We are far too distanced the effects from our own, for lack of a better word, crap. With the help of sophisticated indoor plumbing, most people never had to accept that what comes out of their body actually goes somewhere.
We want to live responsibly but we also want to live in a sanitary and safe. When choosing how to outfit our houses, we can think outside the porcelain box and attempt to do both.
In the previous two posts we discussed a couple of off-grid options. Wind and Solar and how they can generate power for your tiny home.
For both these power sources you need a place to store and distribute the power. In this article I will show you a basic power station set up to run a tiny house on a part time basis.
This unit consists of a box that contains all of your storage requirements. Propane to fuel your stove and hot water heater and batteries and inverter to power your electrical needs.
Here is the basic box under construction. Built with three compartments. The right one holds your propane bottle.
The top left is for your inverter and meters and wiring. The bottom left holds two batteries for your storage which is generated from either your solar or wind power or both if you are set up that way.
The next photo shows the inverter and the wiring involved with the setup. One cord coming up from the batteries and the second one going into the inverter to convert the electricity to the right output.
In the following photograph you see the meter that lets you know the status of your charge, etc.
The next photo shows the connections to the battery and the wiring going up to the inverter.
Following are the two batteries that power this unit. This power station is set up as a camping unit which is mainly used on weekends so two batteries are sufficient. If you are living in your home full time more batteries may be required to fill your needs.
This photo shows the completed unit with the exterior wiring and switches and adaptors for bringing in the power and also using it externally.
This article is not a how to article but an illustration of a power station set up. You should consult a professional in setting up your home power unit so that it is done the right way and you can sleep peacefully knowing that your power unit is working properly.
Written by Kent Griswold (Tiny House Blog)